What is Granite?
Granite is a type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly black, white, pink, or gray in color. The word “granite” comes from the Latin granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock.
Granite is composed mainly of quartz and feldspar with minor amounts of mica, amphiboles, and other minerals.
Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar.
Granite is a light-colored igneous rock with grains large enough to be visible with the unaided eye. It forms from the slow crystallization of magma below Earth’s surface.
Granite is used for flooring and commercial purposes because of its firmness, high dimensional stability and excellent vibration physiognomies. The stone not only lays the foundations of a house but also gives it a look perfect for modern architecture. Being a natural source of radiation, there is no decay factor attached to the stone.
Granite slabs are very easy to clean and do not require any lavish procedure in their cleansing process. Sanitary bacterial contamination is not a problem with granite stone.
Types of Granite
In addition to solid slab countertops, granite tiles can be used to create a colorful and durable work station. You can see how granite tiles were used to create a sink, backsplash and elevated counter.
One of the most familiar uses of granite is in kitchen countertops. You can see Countertops was made from a solid slab of granite that was cut to custom shape and edge-finished. Increased demand for granite countertops has inspired a large number of kitchen contractors to acquire the expertise and equipment to install them.
Granite Building Stone:
Granite blocks for construction can be rough on all sides or finished on one or more sides. A combination of rough and finished granite surfaces produce an elegant appearance. Rough-cut blocks are the least expensive and provide a rugged appearance. Finishing the blocks is expensive but yields a more refined appearance.
Crushed stone is the most basic use of granite. Crushed granite is used as a subbase and base material in road and highway construction. It is used as crushed stone media in sewage system drain fields and as a base material for foundations and construction slabs. Crushed granite in attractive colors is used as a landscape stone and in planters.
Granite tiles are often used as flooring and wall panels to produce an elegant, high-luster space. The stone used for these tiles would be called “gabbro” by geologists, but the term “granite” is used in the decorative stone trade.
Granite Paving Stone:
Granite paving stones or pavers can make a colorful and interesting way of paving a driveway or patio. The beauty of natural stone combined with expert craftsmanship and design can produce a unique and lasting result. In the past granite blocks were often used to pave city streets. However, concrete and asphalt have replaced most of this work because of the lower material and construction cost.
Sculpture and memorials with Granite
In some areas, granite is used for gravestones and memorials. Granite is a hard stone and requires skill to carve by hand. Until the early 18th century, in the Western world, granite could be carved only by hand tools with generally poor results.
A key breakthrough was the invention of steam-powered cutting and dressing tools by Alexander MacDonald of Aberdeen, inspired by seeing ancient Egyptian granite carvings.
Properties of Granite
There are many different properties of granite that makes it ideal for a kitchen countertop, bathroom vanity tops, pathway, cladding, etc.
- Long Lasting
Granite is the hardest stone, so it holds wear and tears very well. It works well in high traffic area like kitchen; it is not vulnerable to acidic substances like lemon juice, tomato sauce, alcohol and vinegar. If brittle items are dropped on the floor, probably it will break itself because of its hardness for centuries.
- Be Damaged or not
Like any solid surface, high impact blows can harm granite. Granite chip if subjected to sharp, hard objects. But repair is possible. Granite can absorb stains such as oil, which can ultimately cause dark spots or discoloration. Its edges are sharp and blunt which may cause injuries.
- Crack or Chip Granite
Normally if it has adequate thickness, the granite shall not break. The base stone that the stone on which it fitted should be checked for proper installation and should be as level as possible. Otherwise, in order for the granite stone to crack or chip, it has to be hit with something very hard.
In final, IDea Company is a reputable Iranian-based Stone trading company consisting of an expert sales & marketing team and a competent after sales service group.
We can be summarized as a professional team with a brilliant trace in achieving sizable market share for high quality stone and tile products, systematic and comprehensive sales & marketing activity, extensive knowledge of the market and customer demand and influential relations with key bulk customers in Iran territory.