What is Onyx?
Onyx primarily refers to the parallel banded variety of the silicate mineral chalcedony. Agate and onyx are both varieties of layered chalcedony that differ only in the form of the bands.
Agate has curved bands and onyx has parallel bands. The colors of its bands range from white to almost every color you see. Specimens of onyx contain bands of white or black.
Onyx is a banded stone not unlike agate. It was formed from limestone so it is a soft stone. Color variation comes from dissolving and redepositing of the limestone. The appearance and color of onyx change with the variations in light. This makes it an exciting building material. You can try it!
Onyx has been applied to parallel banded varieties of alabaster, marble, obsidian and opal. Misleadingly to materials with contorted banding, such as “Mexican Onyx” and “Cave Onyx”.
Onyx is as old as Biblical times but it was mostly used for jewelry and artist’s carvings. In Egypt, onyx was used to make pieces for example bowls and other pottery items. onyx has been repurposed. Onyx tiles are now used as backsplashes on kitchen and bathroom counters, as wall tile in bathrooms, kitchens, family rooms.
Onyx floor tiles grace bathrooms, kitchens and foyers adding an air of opulence to your home. Because of their extreme color, onyx can be used to create a focal point such as a bar or fireplace. It is excited.
So, because of variation in color, onyx is one of the most fragile of nature’s stones. Luckily, there are ways to offset this fragility. Onyx stones are often manufactured on a backing made of mesh or fiberglass. This lends tiles strength but the backing can make cutting the stone to fit a designated space tricky and time consuming. The surface on which onyx tiles are mounted must be perfectly even and stable. Otherwise the tiles may crack.
Note, Tiles must be cut to fit using a diamond blade to produce a clean cut that is unlikely to shatter. If you are installing onyx floor tiles, it is important to use a cement backer board at least 5/8 inches thick before installing onyx floor tiles on the floor and ½” on walls.
Because tiles will vary in color and texture greatly even within a box, before you lay wall or floor tiles, lay the tiles out so you can see how they will appear. That way you will avoid “clumping” light or dark tiles together giving a “pinto pony” appearance that is attractive in a horse but not on a wall for floor.
Onyx is not as durable or easy care as granite, or marble. It requires care and ongoing maintenance. However, onyx tiles are becoming popular for walls, floors and counter tops because of this precious stone’s beauty.
Uses of Onyx stone
Onyx stone is always popular for interior decoration. If on your onyx stone a cavity was created, it would be enough to soak the surface on onyx stone. Fill the stone with the powder in the cavities and then polish it with a soft pad. Onyx stone is a type of limestone that founds in various colors.
White Onyx has been used in building since the past. Egyptians and Greeks used this rock to build their temples. This stone is resistant to heat, cold and rain and also passes through light. Onyx stone has been used for sculptural, constructional and decorative items for its unique beauty.
Onyx stones are produced in tile, slabs, stairs, and backlights. For example, the use of mirror slabs on the flooring or wallboard will provide a very beautiful effect, and will be used from the Onyx rocks in the lobbying and interior spaces.
Onyx stone is very shine and beautiful. Layers in onyx stones range from translucent to opaque for sardonyx. The stones vary in color. Sardonyx stones usually contain flat-banded, white and brownish-red bands. Onyx is a gemstone with alternating light and dark bands, which are colored in brown, red, black, white and grey.
Type of onyx
You can select color according to your design. Rang of color in this stone is Varied.
Varieties of onyx include carnelian onyx, with white and red bands, and sardonyx, with white and brown bands.
Polished: A smooth, reflective finish. The polished stone finish brings out the rich colors of the stone and enhances natural pattern and veining.
Flamed: A rough granite finish that highlights the sparkling crystals of granite.
Bush-Hammered: A rough beaten stone finish with fractured texture. Bush Hammered surface requires a thicker stone face on the Pak Marble and Onyx Ways.
Diamond Sawn: A honed granite finish, smooth but without the reflective level of finish that polished stone has.
Honed: A smooth but non-reflective finish that brings out the natural colors and variations of the stone. Lighter in color than polished.
Sandblasted: Lighter in color than polished stone, sandblasted stone has a light sanded texture.
Sawn: Saw marks remain as slight grooves.
Bush-Hammer Antique: This stone finish is similar to Bush Hammered, but with a washed look to the recesses. Like Bush Hammered, this texture requires a thicker stone face on the Pak Marble and Onyx Ways.
Split and Dressed: This stone finish features a cleft stone face with smooth edges.
Mosaic: Small stone pieces set as a mosaic on honeycomb panel.