Travertine is a classic choice for floors and walls both inside and outside the building. With its endless beauty, it transforms your home space into your favorite space.
We tell you in this article about create travertine tile step by step and use it for building.
Travertine is a natural stone such as Marble, Granite, Onyx, Lime stone. The key difference between Travertine and other natural stones lies in the formation of the rock, the hardness of the stone and the appearance. Travertine is not the same as Marble or Limestone which falls in the metamorphic rock category. Key characteristics of Travertine stone are the holes within the stone which are caused by carbon dioxide evasion.
In appearance, Travertine is a diverse and strip shaped color whose color variation is due to the difference in the composition that exists at the time of the sedimentation of the stone elements and to show itself as various veins. The presence of these veins that is outside the context of the stone design is a Travertine weakness, and these veins are trapped by the slightest impact and compression, causing cracks in the stone to be traced off, and the stone has fewer streaks and impurities Has a higher strength.
This is important and creative question: do you know where travertine comes from and how to turn into beautiful tiles that you can use for a kitchen, facade or floor?
What is mines of Travertine stone?
Travertine is a limestone formed in hot mineral springs all over the world. In addition, most travertine exported from Iran, Italy, Mexico, Turkey and Peru.
Travertine rocks that are produced in these mines are different in color, quality, depth and vein as a result of the geological changes associated with each mine.
How are travertine blocks extracted?
Travertine is extracted by one of below methods:
1- Mine Cutting and Channeling machines
2- Wire saw machine
4. Cutting machine by water pressure
Using Mine Cutting and Channeling machines:
Channeling machines have drill bits to create vertical and horizontal cavities, after digging the hole, puts them in horizontal holes to remove the stone blocks from the mine to remove them. During the winter, frozen water is used to separate the blocks from the mine wall.
Using Wire saw machine:
The Wire saw is usually used to cut the stone as portable blocks to be transported to a factory or warehouse.
This method is: first, access holes is drilled. Second, diamonds wires rolled round the stone to Saws are attached.
To do that, big saws are used that move continuously or swirly.
Chainsaws are similar chainsaws used to cut trees, but larger than a multipurpose saw and have diamond blades for cutting rocks.
Cutting machine by water pressure:
The cutting machine uses water force to cut the rocks by water pressure (water jet). This way the device pours water at very high pressure on the rocks, and this high pressure of water causes pressure on the stone and the stone is then cut.
Convert Travertine Stone to Tile
After removing the rocks, the rocks are transported from the mine to the warehouse and transferred to the factory from there. At this stage, specialized cutting equipment is used to cut slabs of different sizes.
Next, travertine pieces are cut in a uniform thickness and then ready to be used in various processes (including shaving, shearing, polishing, cutting, and scraping the edges), and then they are transported to the store.
How to install Travertine stone in building?
- Make ready Required Tools such as:
Hammer or rubber hammock
Pencil to mark
- Get ready surface to install your stone.
The surface that you install the travertine stone should be flat and clean, so spend the time preparing it.
Any previous piece including flooring, laminate or sheets installed on the floor, should be repaired or completely replaced.
Any cracks created on concrete surfaces must be repaired or covered with materials.
Woods that are damaged and destroyed must be replaced and properly strengthened.
- Set your travertine stone on the surface before installing and designing.
You know, Travertine is a natural stone with a great variety. As a result, it should be combined during the installation process so that all the pieces of dark or light with different sizes are added together in one part and display the beauty of the composition. Dry the parts and put them together. If you have different sizes, put them together and change their combining to get their favorite shape. (You can start with two or three numbers.)
- Make sure both the travertine and its substrate are completely dry.
You cannot install wet travertine. Both the stones and its substrate should be dry during installation.
- Use Stone sealer to cover on the stone
Travertine is softer than granite. To protect the natural beauty of stone, it is necessary to cover the surface with a sealer. The execution of the sealer on the surface of the travertine is very easy and should be performed periodically (usually every 3 to 5 years) during installation, and then thereafter. Different types of sealers are available, the most common type is a type of reinforcement and a natural type. The type of reinforcement causes the surface of the stone to darken the stone surface to appear “wet”. While natural sealers protect the surface of the stone without altering its appearance.